Instruction/ maintenance manual of the product 500 Furuno
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A UT OPILO T NA Vpilot-500 OPERA T OR'S MANU AL www .furuno .co.jp MODEL .
The paper used in this manual is elemental chlorine free. ・FURUNO Authorized Distributor/Dealer 9-52 Ashihara-cho, Nishinomiya, 662-8580, JAPAN Telephone : +81-(0)798-65-2111 Fax : +81-(0)798-65-4200 A : APR 2003 . Printed in Japan All rights reserved.
i Cd IMPORT ANT NOTICES Genera l • The operator of t his equipment m ust read and follow the descript ions in this m anual. Wrong operation or m aint enance can ca nc el th e warranty or cause inj ury . • Do not copy any part of this manual w ithout written perm ission from FURUNO.
ii CAUTION In case of power failure turn off the autopilot or manually steer the vessel. Leaving the equipment in the AUTO or NAV mode during power failure will cause wear on the rudder mechanism. Use the correct fuse. Use of a wrong fuse can cause fire or damage the equipment.
iii T ABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ......................................................................................................... v SYSTEM CONFIGU RA TION ................................................................................ vi 1.
iv 5. ALARMS ........................................................................................................ 5-1 5.1 ALA RM M enu .......................................................................................................
v FOREWORD A Word to the Ow ner of th e NA Vpilot-500 Congratulat ions on your choice of the F URUNO NA Vpilot -500 AUTOPILOT . For over 60 years FURUNO Elect ric Company has enjoyed an enviabl e reputation f or innovative and dep enda ble m arine electronics e quipm ent .
vi SYSTEM CONFIGURA TION 12-24 VDC Processor Unit FAP-5002 Control Unit* FAP-5001 (Max. 6) Heading sensor PG-500 Rudder Reference Unit FAP-6111 Remote Controller Distributor FAP-6800 Remote Controller Remote Controller Reversible pump or Electromagnetic valve unit PC External buzzer GPS Navigator (NMEA0183) RD-30 (Max.
1-1 1. PRINCIPLE OF THE AUT OPILOT 1.1 Principle of A utopilot An autopilot is an auto mat ic device f or steering a vessel and maintaining its heading in an int ended direction. Boat and ship operat ors can really appreciate the advantages of t he autopilot – It st eers t he boat for you so that you are f ree to carry out navigation al checks, trim adj ustments, etc.
1. PRI NCI PLE OF TH E AUT OPILOT 1-2 1.2 Principl e of Operation In the AUTO modes, the heading inf orm at ion from a heading sensor is continuousl y com pared w ith the cours e t hat is set on the autopilot’s controller . (in the NA V mode, the course to the waypoint is received from a plot ter connected to the NA Vpilot-500).
2-1 2. BASIC OPERA TION 2.1 Operating Controls Course control knob** Rotate: Selects menu items and options. Push: Sets the course on Auto or Nav mode. POWER/BRILL key Long press: Turns power off. Mormentary press: Turns power on; opens the display for adjustment of brilliance and contrast.
2. BASI C OP E RA TION 2-2 2.2 T urning On/Of f Press the [POW ER/BRILL] key to turn the unit on. (For PG-500, see Note 2 shown below .) A beep s ounds and t he equipm ent proceeds in t he sequence shown below , sho wing product inform ation and startup t est results.
2. BASI C OP E RA TION 2-3 2.3 A dju stin g Brilliance and Con trast The brilliance and cont r ast can be adj ust ed as below: 1. Momentarily press the [P OW ER/BRILL] key . The CONTRAST and BRILL window appears. CONTRAST BRILL 10 8 PORT STBD Contrast, brillianc e window 2.
2. BASI C OP E RA TION 2-4 2.4.2 Selecting the da t a shown on Normal Display 2, Dat a Di splay and Graphic Displa y Display m odes may be set up to suit your oper at ing needs as below . Select ing da t a In the STBY mode, you can select which data you want to displa y in the colum ns shown in the f igure belo w .
2. BASI C OP E RA TION 2-5 Data available for Normal displ ay 2, Data display and Graphic displ ay Item D ispla y ed dat a POS Own ship’ s position (L/L) COG Course over ground SOG S peed over ground STW S peed through water TEMP Wate r temperature DPT Depth BRG Bearing to w aypoint RNG Range t o way point W PT Wa ypoint position (L/L) XTE Cross-track error TTG Ti me-to-Go to Destination ET A Estimated Time of Arrival DA T E Date TIME T i me W IND TRUE* W ind direction and spee d (T r ue) W IND RELA TI V** W ind direction and speed (Relative) VOL T Input/output power voltage to the processor unit TRIP Trip distance *T rue: The S peed and direct ion (relative t o due nort h) **Relative: The direction (in relati on to ship’s bow) and speed of the wind as it appears to those on bo ard, relative to the spee d and direction of the boat; com bination of t he true wind and the wind caused by the boat’s movem ent.
2. BASI C OP E RA TION 2-6 N S W E RUDDER RUDDER ANGLE P 2.5 P 5.1 PORT STBD TRUE WIND WIND RELATIVE 45 12 kt 200 300 DEPTH 260ft 40 30 TEMP 32.
3-1 3. STEERING MODES The NA Vpilot-500 system is capable of six primary steering modes: STBY (manual), AUT O, NA V , TURN, REMOTE (FU and NFU) and DODGE. 3.1 STBY Mode After turning on the power , the equipment goes to the STBY mode. This is a manual st eering mode.
3. ST EERING MODES 3-2 3.2 A U T O Mode 3.2.1 Using the A UT O mode The NA Vpilot-500’s AUTO mode steers the boat autom at ically on a course set by the operator . Note: The AUTO mode will not com pensat e f or the effects o f wind or tide, w hich can push you off course in the ath wart ship direction.
3. ST EERING MODE 3-3 3.2.2 A D V ANCED A UTO mode AUTO mode will maintain a set course, but your vessel’s course may be shift ed by the effects of current or wind. ADV ANCED AUT O mode m aintains a set course while compensat ing for the effects of wind and tide.
3. ST EERING MODES 3-4 3.3 NA V Mode 3.3.1 S t arting the NA V mode If a dest inat ion waypoint is set on a GPS / Plotter , t he NA Vpilot -500 can receive this inf orm ation and guide t he boat to the dest ination waypoint as determ ined by the plotter .
3. ST EERING MODE 3-5 3.3.2 Selecting sailing method of NA V mode W hen your v essel goes off course while navigat i ng between the ori gin (previous waypoint) and your current dest inat ion waypoin t because of a remot e control command, et c.
3. ST EERING MODES 3-6 3.3.3 Sw itching wa y p oint W hen you arrive at a waypoint on a route while in the NA V mode, you can switch to the next waypoi nt automat ically or manually . The AUT O setting will automat ically switch to the ne xt destination way point when yo ur boat is within the arrival alarm area (set on the plotter).
3. ST EERING MODE 3-7 3.3.4 Selecting the boat’s steering behavior af ter arriving at your destination w aypoint The “Fishing m ode” can be enabled and set up control your boat’s steering behavior after it reaches t he last waypoint in a route.
3. ST EERING MODES 3-8 3.4 TURN Mode The [TURN] key provides the various turning m otions depe ndi ng on the m ode in use. There are five different turn type; 180º or 360º t urns (for AUTO mode only), ORBIT , SPIRAL and FIGURE EI GHT .
3. ST EERING MODE 3-9 180º TURN (for A U T O mode on l y ) This function changes t he current set course by 180º i n t he opposit e direct ion. After the 180º turn completely , the message “TURN CO MPLETE D” ap pears. Return to the AUTO mode by pressing the cour se control knob.
3. ST EERING MODES 3-10 ORBIT W hen ORBIT is enabled, your boat will orbit around t he boat’s current position. If ORBIT is enabled while in t he NA V mode, the boat orbits around the (last) waypoint. This function requires a pl otter or GPS be connected.
3. ST EERING MODE 3-1 1 5. Rotate the course control knob t o select " ◄ ORBIT" or " ORBIT ► ", and then press it. The message “ST AR T TO T URN BY FISHING M ODE” appears, and the boat runs for the distance se t at step 3, and then sta rts makin g an orbit similar to the figure on the previous pa ge.
3. ST EERING MODES 3-12 SPIRAL The boat will spiral in t he direct ion of current heading (ST BY), set course (AUTO) or the course to the next waypoint (NA V) that was active at the m oment that the SPI RAL mode is selected. The radius of t he “spiral” can be set in the menu.
3. ST EERING MODE 3-13 5. Press the [T URN] key to show the TURN menu. 6. Rotate the course control knob t o choose “RADIUS O F O RBIT ”, and then press it. The current value is circumscribed w ith a double rectangle. 7. Rotate the course control knob t o set the spiral speed.
3. ST EERING MODES 3-14 FIGURE E IGHT After the boat has traveled the dist ance "d" set on the m enu, it starts turning in a figure eight pat tern, autom atically returni ng t o the position where t he figure eight mode was initiated.
3. ST EERING MODE 3-15 Naviga ting to T LL point W hen TLL (T arget Lat itude and Longit ud e) data is input f r om a radar or echo sounder connected in th e STBY , AUT O or NA V m ode, the TURN menu appears. Then, you m ay choose how to progress towards that position, from ORBIT (port direction, starboard direct ion) or FIGURE EIGHT .
3. ST EERING MODES 3-16 3.5 REMOTE Mode Four types of opt ional remote controllers m ay be connected to the NA Vpilot-500. These are used to oper ate the Navpilot - 50 0 fr om a rem ote location. Dial t ype remote contro l ler (F AP-5551, 55 52) This remote controller can onl y be used when in the STBY , AUT O or NA V m ode.
3. ST EERING MODE 3-17 The FU is one of auto s teering modes, which outputs an absolu te value determined with the course control knob to driv e the rudder , thus changing the ship’ s course at a given r ate of change towards a set point.. 2.
3. ST EERING MODES 3-18 Button (F AP-621 1, 621 2), Lever (F AP-6221, F AP-6222), Dodge (F A P-6231, 6232) type remote controller These controllers m ay be used in the STBY , AUT O and NA V modes. 1. For button and lever t ype rem ote controllers, t urn on the rem ot e controller power .
3. ST EERING MODE 3-19 2. For button and dodge r emot e controllers, press the [ PORT] or [STBD] key on the remot e cont roller . For the lever type, position t he lever f or the direction. Operating remote cont roller (ex. but ton and lever t y pes) 3.
3. ST EERING MODES 3-20 3.6 DODGE Mode The DODGE m ode is usef ul in situations where you need to quickly take control of the helm to avoid an obstruction. 3.6.1 Dodging in STBY mode 1. Press the [PO RT] or [STBD] key down to steer appropr iately until t he boat finishes t he t urning.
3. STEERIN G MODE 3-2 1 3.6. 2 Dod gi ng i n AUTO or NA V m o de 1. Pr ess t he [POR T] or [STB D] key dow n to change the c our s e u ntil the boat fi nishes t o avoi d t he obs t ructi on. The eq uipm ent g oes int o the D ODGE mode and t he au dibl e al arm soun ds w h en one o f the abov e ke ys is operat ed, t o al ert y ou to do dge o perati on.
3. ST EERING MODES 3-22 This page is intentionally left blank. .
4-1 4. MENU OPERA TION Most settings are carrie d out in the menus. The items shown in each menu depend on t he mode in use. F or the STBY mode the com plete menu is sho wn. W hen t he menu is accessed while in either the AUTO or NA V modes, only the m enu items that are most frequent ly used in those m odes are shown.
4. MENU OPERA TION 4-2 4.1.1 Setting pa rameters The P ARAMETER SETUP menu sets various paramet ers f or the control of the NA Vpilot -500. 1. In the STBY mode, press the [MENU] key to open the ST BY mode menu. 2. Rotate the course control knob t o select “P ARAMETER SETUP”.
4. MENU OPERA TION 4-3 3. Rotate the course control knob t o select F ULL-AUTO, SEMI-AUTO , MANUAL-CALM, MANUAL-MODERA TE or MANUAL-ROUGH as appropriat e, and then press the course control knob. FULL-AUTO: Auto adjustment and self-learning are on.
4. MENU OPERA TION 4-4 Setting parameters manually W hen MANUAL-CALM , MODERA TE or ROUGH is select ed at the previous paragraph, set MANUAL P ARAMETER as belo w . Y o u can set three parameters for MANUAL f unction: Weat her , Rudder gain and Counter rudder .
4. MENU OPERA TION 4-5 WEA T HER W hen the sea is rough, the boat’s heading fluct uat es to port and starboard. If the rudder is driven very oft en to maintain t he set course, the helm mechanism m ay wear out. T o prevent this, the weather adj ustment makes the NA Vpilot -500 insensit ive t o minute course deviations.
4. MENU OPERA TION 4-6 Set rudder gain so that t he boat does not m ake fr equent yaw . The f igure sho wn below provides general guide lines f or setting rudder gain. Boat's Speed Sea State Load Condition R UDDER GAIN f ast calm light low slow rough heavy high General guidel ines for setting rudder ga in COUNTER RUDDER If t he boat is heavily loaded, t he heading could change e xcessively bec ause of inert ia.
4. MENU OPERA TION 4-7 Adjusting th e sensiti vity in mon i toring the boat’s trim The NA Vpilot-500 continuall y monit ors the boat’s trim in order to keep the t r im sensitivity optimum . A lower setting is common because boat’s trim usually does not change quickly .
4. MENU OPERA TION 4-8 When towing a net W hen a boat is in tow of the fishing gear , its stern is “dragged” by the net . This causes the boat to stray f rom its intended course. T o keep t he boat on course, you need t o adj ust the trim manuall y , which can be bothersom e.
4. MENU OPERA TION 4-9 RADIUS OF ORBI T See the section 3.4 "T URN Mod e". SPIRAL SPEED See the section 3.4 "T URN Mod e". FISH MODE See the section 3.4 "T URN Mod e". W A YPOINT SWITC HING See the section 3.
4. MENU OPERA TION 4-10 4.1.2 Setting other menu item s The SYSTEM SETUP menu allows you to set various item according t o your operating needs. 1. Open the ST BY mode menu. 2. Rotate the course control knob t o select “SYSTEM SETUP”.
4. MENU OPERA TION 4-1 1 Lockin g the c ontrol unit The LOCK feat ure renders the follo wing com m ands ino perative f rom the control unit at which the LOCK f eature has been actuated. • Menu operati on • Changing the st eering m ode • Course setting • Waypoint switching 1.
4. MENU OPERA TION 4-12 Setting the p anel dimmer Y ou can adj ust the control panel dim m er as follows. 1. Rotate the course control knob to select “P ANEL DI MMER” f rom the SYSTEM SETUP menu. 2. Press the course control knob and the current value is circum scribed with a double rectangle.
5-1 5. ALARMS 5. 1 AL AR M M e n u The NA Vpilot-500 has seven condit ions which generat e bot h audio and visu al alarm s: watch alarm , deviation alarm . XTE (cross-track error) alarm, speed alarm, dept h alarm, t emp alarm and log t rip alarm .
5. ALARM S 5-2 5.1.1 Selecting the alar m buzzer Y o u m ay choose the buzzer f r om which to outp ut the audio alarm as follows. Note: If “INTERNAL + EXTERNAL BUZZER” is selected, t he external buzzer sounds when turning th e NA Vpilot-500 off.
5. ALARMS 5-3 5.1.3 Setting the watch alarm The watch alarm periodicall y warns the helm sman to check the aut opilo t when in the AUTO or NA V mode. 1. Rotate the course control knob t o select “WA TCH ALARM” f rom the ALARM menu.
5. ALARM S 5-4 5.1.5 Setting the cross-track error lim it W hen in the NA V mode, t he XT E alarm will sound when the course err or has exceeded or f ails within the range set in the f ollowing steps: 1. Rotate the course control knob t o select “XT E ALARM” from the ALARM menu.
5. ALARMS 5-5 5.1.6 Setting the speed alarm The speed alarm warns you when your boat’s speed is within, outside, over or under the speed range setting. 1. Rotate the course control knob t o select “SPEED ALARM” from the ALARM menu.
5. ALARM S 5-6 5.1.7 Setting the depth alarm The depth alarm sounds when the bottom is shallower , deeper within or outside the range setting. Note: T o use the dept h alarm, dept h data from an external sounder is require d. 1. Rotate the course control knob t o select “DEPT H ALARM” from the ALARM menu.
5. ALARMS 5-7 5. 1 .8 Se tt i ng t he te mper at ur e al arm There are f ive types of water tem perature alarm s: UNDER, OVER, INSIDE, OUT OF RANGE and CURRENT RIP . The UNDER and OVER alarm s sound when the water tem perature is lower or higher than the value set , the INSI DE and OUTSI DE alarm s sound when the water tem perature is within or outside t he range set.
5. ALARM S 5-8 5.1.10 Clearing the trip dist ance Y o u can reset t he trip distance to zero as f ollo ws. 1. Rotate the course control knob t o select CLEAR TRIP LOG from the ALARM menu. 2. Press the course control knob to sho w the log t r ip clear opt io ns window .
5. ALARMS 5-9 5.2 Alarm Information W hen an alarm condition occurs, the buzzer sounds and t he “!” icon and alarm type window appears o n t he screen. Press any key to silence alarm and hide the window . Y ou ca n see which alarm has been violated on the ALARM m enu.
5. ALARM S 5-10 Alarm messag es The table below sho ws the alarm messages, t heir m eanings and prior iti es. Alarm messages, their meanings and prior ities Message Mean ing Priority DEVIA TION ALARM Deviation alarm has occ urred.
6-1 6. MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING This chapter provides inf ormat ion necessary f or keeping your unit in good working order and rem edying simple problem s. WARNING Do not open the equipment. Hazardous voltage which can cause electrical shock exists inside the equipment.
6. MAIN TENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING 6-2 6.2 Replacement of Fuse The fuse in the processor unit protects the equipm ent from reverse polarity of the ship’s mains and equipm ent fault. If the f use blows, the po wer cannot be turned on.
6.MAINT ENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING 6-3 PROCESSOR UNIT T EST ROM O K No . 6454002-**.** RAM OK EEPROM OK R UDDER ANGLE OK CLUTCH/BYP ASS OK REMO TECONTR OLLER1 ON 1 REMO TECONTR OLLER2 NOT USED INPUT V OL T AGE 24.8 V HEADING SENSOR - - POR T1 - - POR T2 - - RS232 - - PROCESSOR UNIT **.
6. MAIN TENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING 6-4 KEYBOARD TEST KEYBOARD TEST 001 PUSH "PO WER/BRILL" KEY THREE TIMES T O RETURN. Operate each control o n the control unit one b y one. A key is funct ioning properly if its on-screen location li ghts in black when t he ke y is pressed.
6.MAINT ENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING 6-5 RUDDER SETUP A ND AUTO TEST The rudder test checks the follo wing, and then sho ws the result of the check. • Drive type • The presence or absence of bypass/clutch circuit • Rudder deadband • Rudder speed This test should be exe cuted when the boat does not run because of moving the rudder .
6. MAIN TENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING 6-6 SY ST EM DA T A Y o u can conf irm t he current equipm ent and drive system status. 1. Press the [MENU] key to show the m ode menu. 2. Rotate the course control knob t o select “SYSTE M DA T A ”.
6.MAINT ENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING 6-7 6.5 Error Mes sages In addition to alarm messages your equipm ent displa ys error m essages to alert you of potent ial equipm ent trouble . Error messages Error message Meaning Remedy COMMUNICA TION ERROR Comm unication b etween t he contro l unit an d the proces sor un it is interrupted for m ore than tw o seconds.
6. MAIN TENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING 6-8 Error m essages (con’t) INPUT VOL T AGE IS O VER (UNDER) LIMIT The input power sour ce flu ctuated beyond to lerance. Chec k ship’s m ains. MAGNET IC SENSO R ERR OR RA TE SENSOR ERROR The headi ng data from the headin g sensor was wrong.
MN-1 MENU TREE [MENU] ke y P ARAMETER SETUP SEA ST A TE ( FULL-A UTO , SEMI-A UTO , MANU AL-CALM, MANU AL-MODERA TE, MANUAL R OUGH) DEVIA TION LEVEL (AUT O, LEVEL)* MANU AL P ARAMETERS A UT O TRIM (OFF , ON , 1-100, 40 ) AD V ANCED A UT O ( OFF , ON) A UT O NET T O WING ( OFF , ON) NA V MODE ( XTE , COURSE) NA V MODE DA T A SOURCE ( PORT 1 , PORT 2) RADIUS OF ORBIT (0.
MENU T REE MN-2 DEVIA TION LEVEL (A UTO , LEVEL)* MANU AL P ARAMETERS A UT O TRIM (OFF , ON , 1-100, 40 ) A UT O NET T O WING ( OFF , ON) SPEED CALCULA TION ( SOG , STW , MANUAL) RADIUS OF ORBIT (0.05 to 9.99 nm, 0.10 nm ) SPIRAL SPEED (0.
FURUNO NAVPILOT -500 SP - 1 E 7 2 5 0 S 0 1A SPECIFICA TIONS OF A UTOPILOT NA VPILOT -500 1 CONTROL UNIT 1.1 Display Monochrome L C D, 83 ( W ) x 83 (H) mm , 160x1 60 dots 1.2 Backlight Adjusta ble in 8 step s 1.3 Cont rast 16 steps 1.
FURUNO NAVPILOT -500 SP - 2 E 7 2 5 0 S 0 1A 5 POWER SUPPLY 3.1 Processor Unit 12-24 VDC: 3.0 A 6 ENVIRONM ENTAL CONDITIONS 4.1 Ambient T e mperature -10°C to +55°C 4.2 Relativ e Hu mi dit y 95% at 40°C 6.3 Waterproof Processor unit : I PX2 Cont rol unit, Rud der refer ence unit , Head ing s ensor, Remote co ntroller: IPX6 6.
IN-1 INDEX A A DDV ANCED AUTO m ode ..................... 3-3 ALARM INTE RV AL .................................. 5-2 AUDIO A LARM ........................................ 5-2 AUTO mode .............................................3 -2 AUTO TRIM .
An important point after buying a device Furuno 500 (or even before the purchase) is to read its user manual. We should do this for several simple reasons:
If you have not bought Furuno 500 yet, this is a good time to familiarize yourself with the basic data on the product. First of all view first pages of the manual, you can find above. You should find there the most important technical data Furuno 500 - thus you can check whether the hardware meets your expectations. When delving into next pages of the user manual, Furuno 500 you will learn all the available features of the product, as well as information on its operation. The information that you get Furuno 500 will certainly help you make a decision on the purchase.
If you already are a holder of Furuno 500, but have not read the manual yet, you should do it for the reasons described above. You will learn then if you properly used the available features, and whether you have not made any mistakes, which can shorten the lifetime Furuno 500.
However, one of the most important roles played by the user manual is to help in solving problems with Furuno 500. Almost always you will find there Troubleshooting, which are the most frequently occurring failures and malfunctions of the device Furuno 500 along with tips on how to solve them. Even if you fail to solve the problem, the manual will show you a further procedure – contact to the customer service center or the nearest service center