Instruction/ maintenance manual of the product M-302 ZyXEL Communications
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M-302 802.1 1g Wireless MIMO PCI card User ’ s Guide V ersion 2.00 Edition 1 4/2006 .
M-302 User’s Guide Copyright 3 Copyright Copyright © 2006 by ZyXEL Communications Corpo ration. The contents of this publication may not be reprod uced in any part or as a whole, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, tran slated into any language, or transmitted in any form or by any means, el ectronic, mechanical , magnetic, optical, chemical, p hotocopying, manual , or otherwise, without the prior written permissi on of ZyXEL Communic ations Corporation.
M-302 User’s Guide 4 Certifications Certifications Federal Communications Commissi on (FCC) Interference St atement This device complies with Part 15 of FCC rul es. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: • This device may not cause harmful interference.
M-302 User’s Guide Certifications 5 .
M-302 User’s Guide 6 Safety Warnings Safety W arnings For your safety , be sure to read and fo llow all warning notices and instructions. • Do NOT open the device or un it. Opening or removi ng covers can expose you to dangerous high vo ltage points or othe r risks.
M-302 User’s Guide ZyXEL Limited Warranty 7 ZyXEL Limited W arranty ZyXEL warrants to the original en d user (purchaser) that this product is free from any defects in materials or workmansh ip for a period of up to tw o years from the date of purchase .
M-302 User’s Guide 8 Customer Suppo rt Customer Support Please have the following information r eady when you contact customer support. • Product model and serial number . • W arranty Information. • Date that you received your de vice.
M-302 User’s Guide Customer Support 9 POLAND firstname.lastname@example.org +48 (22) 333 8250 www .pl.zyxel.com ZyXEL Communications ul. Okrzei 1A 03-715 W arszawa Poland +48 (22) 333 8251 RUSSIA http://zyxel.ru/support +7-095-542- 89-29 www .zyxel.ru ZyXEL Russia Ostrovityanova 37a S tr .
M-302 User’s Guide 10 Customer Suppo rt .
M-302 User’s Guide Table of Contents 11 T able of Content s Copyright .................................................. ................................................................ 3 Certifications ........................................
M-302 User’s Guide 12 Table of Contents 188.8.131.52 IEEE 802.1x .............. ................................ ................. ............ .........33 184.108.40.206 WP A ....... ............. ................ ............. ............. ...........
M-302 User’s Guide List of Figure s 13 List of Figures Figure 1 The M-302 ......... ................ ................ ............. ................ ................ .......... 19 Figure 2 Application: Infrastructure ... ... ............. ...
M-302 User’s Guide 14 List of Figures Figure 39 Uninstall: Finish . ................ ............. ................ ................ ................ ....... 54 Figure 40 Windows XP SP2: Wireless Network Connection S tatus .......... ..........
M-302 User’s Guide List of Tables 15 List of T ables T able 1 External View ..... ................ ............. ................ ................ ............. ............. 20 T able 2 Light Descript ion ...................... .............
M-302 User’s Guide 16 List of Tables .
M-302 User’s Guide Preface 17 Preface Congratulations on you r purchase of the M-302 802 .1 1g W ireless MIMO PCI card. The M-302 uses Multiple-in, Multiple-Out (MIMO) twin an tenna technology to provide superior wireless performance. Y our M-302 is easy to install and configure.
M-302 User’s Guide 18 Preface Graphics Icons Key Wireless Access Point Computer Notebook Computer Server Modem Wireless Signal Internet Cloud Printer .
M-302 User’s Guide Chapter 1 Getting Started 19 C HAPTER 1 Getting S t arted This chapter introduces the M-302 and prep ares you to use the ZyXEL utility . The ZyXEL utility is a tool that helps you configure your M-302. See the appendix for detailed product specifications.
M-302 User’s Guide 20 Chapter 1 Getting Started The following table describes the M-302. The following table describes th e operation of the Power ( PWR ) and Link ( LNK ) lights on the rear of the device. 1.1.1 Application Overview This section describes some netw ork applications for the M-302.
M-302 User’s Guide Chapter 1 Getting Started 21 Figure 2 Application: Infrastructure 220.127.116.11 Ad-Hoc If you want to set up a small independen t wireless workgroup without an AP , use Ad-Hoc mode. Ad-Hoc mode does not require an AP or a wi red network.
M-302 User’s Guide 22 Chapter 1 Getting Started 1.2 M-302 Hardware and Utility Inst allation Follow the instructions in the Quick S tart Guide to install the ZyXEL utility and make hardware connections . 1.3 ZyXEL Utility Icon After you install and start the ZyXEL utility , an icon for the ZyXEL utility appears in the system tray .
M-302 User’s Guide Chapter 1 Getting Started 23 1.5 Enabling WZC Note: When you use the ZyXEL utility , it automatically disables W ZC. If you want to use WZC to configure th e M-302, you need to disab le the ZyXEL utility by right-clicking the utility icon ( ) in the system tray and selecting Use Windows to configur e my wireless network settings .
M-302 User’s Guide 24 Chapter 1 Getting Started .
M-302 User’s Guide Chapter 2 Tutorial 25 C HAPTER 2 Tu t o r i a l The following sections show you how to join a wireless networ k using the ZyXEL utility , as in the following diagram. The wireless client is labeled C and the access point is labeled AP .
M-302 User’s Guide 26 Chapter 2 Tutorial Figure 7 ZyXEL Utility: Site Survey 2 The wireless client automatically searches for available wireless networks. Click Scan if you want to search again. If no entry di splays in the A vailable Network List , that means there is no wireless network available within ra nge.
M-302 User’s Guide Chapter 2 Tutorial 27 Figure 9 ZyXEL Utility: Confirm Save 5 The ZyXEL Utility returns to the Link Info screen while i t conn ects to the wireless network using your settings. When the wire less link is established, the ZyXEL Utility icon in the system tray turns green and the Link Info screen displays details of the active connection.
M-302 User’s Guide 28 Chapter 2 Tutorial 1 Open the ZyXEL utility and click the Pr ofile tab to open the screen shown next. Click Add to configure a new profile. Figure 1 1 ZyXE L Utility: Profile 2 The Add New Profile screen appears. The wireless client automatica lly searches for available wireless networks, which are displayed in th e Scan Info box.
M-302 User’s Guide Chapter 2 Tutorial 29 5 This screen varies depending on the encryp tion method you selected in the previous screen. In this example, enter the pre-shared key and leav e the encryption type at the default setting. Figure 14 ZyXEL Utility: Profile Encryption 6 In the next screen, leave both bo xes checked.
M-302 User’s Guide 30 Chapter 2 Tutorial Note: Only one profile can be activate d and used at any given time. Figure 17 ZyXEL Utility: Profile Success 9 When you activate the new profile , the ZyXEL Utility goes to the Link Info screen while it connects to the AP using your settings.
M-302 User’s Guide Chapter 3 Wireless LAN Network 31 C HAPTER 3 Wireless LAN Network This chapter provides backgro und info rmation on wireless LAN networks. 3.1 Wireless LAN Overview The following figure pro vides an exampl e of a wireless network with an AP .
M-302 User’s Guide 32 Ch apter 3 Wireless LAN Network • Every device in the same wireless network must use security compatible with the AP or peer computer . Security stops unauthorized devices from using the wireless network. It can also protect the information that is sent in the wireless network.
M-302 User’s Guide Chapter 3 Wireless LAN Network 33 18.104.22.168.2 Authentication T ype The IEEE 802.1 1b/g standard describes a simple authentication method between the wireless stations and AP . Three authen tication types are defined: Auto , Open System and Shared Key .
M-302 User’s Guide 34 Ch apter 3 Wireless LAN Network Select WEP only when the AP and/or wireless c lients do not support WP A. WEP is less secure than WP A.
M-302 User’s Guide Chapter 4 ZyXEL Utilit y Configuration 35 C HAPTER 4 ZyXEL Utility Configuration This chapter shows you h ow to configure your M-302. 4.1 ZyXEL Utility Screen This section describes th e ZyXEL utility screens. Figure 19 ZyXEL Utility: Menu Screen The following table describes the menus.
M-302 User’s Guide 36 Chapter 4 ZyXEL Utility Configuration Figure 20 Link Info The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 5 Link Info LABEL DESCRIPTION Wireless Network S tatus Profile Name This is the name of the profile you are currently usi ng.
M-302 User’s Guide Chapter 4 ZyXEL Utilit y Configuration 37 4.2.1 T rend Chart Click T r end Chart in the Link Info screen to display a screen as shown below . Use this screen to view real-time data traffic statistics. Figure 21 Link Info: T rend Chart The following table describes the labels in this screen.
M-302 User’s Guide 38 Chapter 4 ZyXEL Utility Configuration Figure 22 Site Survey The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 7 Site Survey LABEL DESCRIPTION Available Network List Click a column heading to sort the entries.
M-302 User’s Guide Chapter 4 ZyXEL Utilit y Configuration 39 4.3.1 Security Settings When you co nfigure the M-302 t o connect to a network with wireless security activated and the security settings are disabled on the M-3 02, the screen varies acco rding to the encryption method used by the selected network .
M-302 User’s Guide 40 Chapter 4 ZyXEL Utility Configuration 22.214.171.124 WP A Figure 24 Security Se ttings: WP A Key x (where x is a number between 1 and 4) Select this option if you want to manually en ter the WEP keys. Enter the WEP key in the field provided.
M-302 User’s Guide Chapter 4 ZyXEL Utilit y Configuration 41 The following table describes the labels in this screen. 126.96.36.199 WP A-PSK Figure 25 Security Set t ings: WP A-PSK Table 9 Security Settings: WPA LABEL DESCRIPTION Encryption T ype The encryption mechanisms used for WP A and WP A-PSK are the same.
M-302 User’s Guide 42 Chapter 4 ZyXEL Utility Configuration The following table describes the labels in this screen. 188.8.131.52 IEEE 802.1x Figure 26 Security Settings: 802.1x The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 10 Security Settings: WPA-PSK LABEL DESCRIPTION Encryption T ype The encryption mechanisms used for WP A and WP A-PSK are the same.
M-302 User’s Guide Chapter 4 ZyXEL Utilit y Configuration 43 4.3.2 Confirm Save Screen Use this screen to confirm an d save the security settings. Figure 27 Confirm Save Screen The following table describes the labels in this screen. Server CA Select a certificate aut ho rity (CA) that you trust and accept any certificates signed by that CA.
M-302 User’s Guide 44 Chapter 4 ZyXEL Utility Configuration 4.4 The Profile Screen A profile is a set of wireless para meters that you need to connec t to a wi reless ne twork. W ith a profile activated, each time you start the M- 302 it automatically scans for the specific SSID and joins that network with the pre-defined wi reless security settings.
M-302 User’s Guide Chapter 4 ZyXEL Utilit y Configuration 45 4.4.1 Adding a New Prof ile Follow the steps below to add a new profile. 1 Click Add in the Pr ofile screen. An Add New Profile screen displays as shown next. Click Next to continue.
M-302 User’s Guide 46 Chapter 4 ZyXEL Utility Configuration 2 If you selected the Infrastructure network type in the prev ious screen, skip to step 3. If you selected the Ad-Hoc network type in the previous screen, a screen displays as follows.
M-302 User’s Guide Chapter 4 ZyXEL Utilit y Configuration 47 The following table describes the labels in this screen. 3 If you selected Infrastructure network type in the first screen, select WEP , WP A , WP A- PSK or 802.1x from the drop-down list box to enab le data encryption.
M-302 User’s Guide 48 Chapter 4 ZyXEL Utility Configuration 5 If you selected Ad-Hoc network type in the first screen , skip to the next step. If you selected Infrastructure network type, specify a wireless proto col. Select 802.1 1b to have the M-302 connect to an IEEE 802.
M-302 User’s Guide Chapter 4 ZyXEL Utilit y Configuration 49 Figure 35 Profile: Activate the Profile 4.5 The Adapter Screen T o set the advanced features on the M-302, click the Adapter tab.
M-302 User’s Guide 50 Chapter 4 ZyXEL Utility Configuration The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 16 Adapte r Screen LABEL DESCRIPTION Adapter Setting T ransfer Rate In most networking scenarios, the factory default Full y Auto setting is the most efficient and allows your M-302 to operate at the highest possible transfer (data) rate.
M-302 User’s Guide Chapter 5 Maintenance 51 C HAPTER 5 Maintenance This chapter describes how to unin stall or upgrade the ZyXEL utility . 5.1 The About Screen The About screen displays driver and util ity versio n numbers of the M-302. T o display th e screen as shown below , click the about ( ) button.
M-302 User’s Guide 52 Chapter 5 Maintenance Figure 38 Uninstall: Confirm 3 Click Finish to complete uninstalling the softwa re and restart the computer when prompted. Figure 39 Uninstall: Finish 5.3 Upgrading the ZyXEL Utility Note: Before you uninst all the ZyXEL utility , take note of your current wirele ss configurations.
M-302 User’s Guide Chapter 6 Trou bleshoot ing 53 C HAPTER 6 T roubleshooting This chapter covers potential problems and the possible remedies. After each problem description, some instructions are provided to help yo u to diagnose and solv e the problem.
M-302 User’s Guide 54 Chapter 6 Troubleshooting 6.3 Problems Communicating With Other Computers Table 20 Troubleshootin g Communication Problems PROBLEM CORRECTIVE ACTION The computer with the M-302 installed cannot communicate with the other computer(s).
M-302 User’s Guide Chapter 6 Trou bleshoot ing 55 .
M-302 User’s Guide 56 Chapter 6 Troubleshooting .
M-302 User’s Guide Appendix A 57 A PPENDIX A Product S pecifications Table 21 Product Specification s PHYSICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL Product Name M-302 802.1 1g W ireless MIMO PCI card Interface 3.3V 32-bit CardBus card S tandards IEEE 802.1 1b IEEE 802.
M-302 User’s Guide 58 Appendix A Device Drivers Windows 2000, Windows XP Roaming IEEE 802.1 1b/g compliant WEP 64/128/152-bit WEP encryption Table 21 Product Specification s (continued) .
M-302 User’s Guide Appendix B 59 A PPENDIX B Management with Wireless Zero Configuration This appendix shows you how to manage y our ZyXEL wireless LA N adapter using the W indows XP wireless zero configuration tool. Be sure you have the W indows XP service pack 2 installed on your computer .
M-302 User’s Guide 60 Appendix B Figure 40 Windows XP SP2: Wireles s Network Con nection S tatus 4 In the Wir eless Networ k Connection Properties window , make sure the Use W indows to configure my wir eless network settings check box is selected.
M-302 User’s Guide Appendix B 61 If you see the following screen, refer to artic le 871 122 on the Microsoft web site for information on start ing WZC. Figure 42 Windows XP SP2: WZC Not Available Connecting to a Wireless Network 1 Double-click the network icon for wireless conn ections in the system tray to open the W ireless Network Connection S tatus screen.
M-302 User’s Guide 62 Appendix B 2 W indows XP SP2: In the Wi reless Network Connection S tatus screen, click Vi e w Wir eless N etworks to open the Wir eless Network Connection screen. Figure 44 Windows XP SP2: Wireles s Network Con nection S tatus W indows XP SP1: In the W ireless Network Connection S tatus screen, click Properties and the Wir eless Ne tworks tab to open the Wir eless Networ k Connection Properties screen.
M-302 User’s Guide Appendix B 63 Figure 46 Windows XP SP2: Wireles s Network Con nection The following table describes the ic ons in the wireless network list. W indows XP SP1: Click Refresh to reload and search for available wireless devices within transmission range.
M-302 User’s Guide 64 Appendix B Figure 47 Windows XP SP1: Wireles s Network Con nection Prope rties 4 4.W indows XP SP2: If the wireless security is activated for the selected wireless network, the W ireless Ne twork Connection screen displays.
M-302 User’s Guide Appendix B 65 Figure 48 Windows XP SP2: W ireless Networ k Connection: WEP or WP A-PSK Figure 49 Windows XP SP2: W ireless Netw ork Connection: No Security 5 V erify that you have successfully connec ted to the selected network and check the connection status in the wireless netw ork list or t h e connection icon in the Pr eferred networks or A vailable networks list.
M-302 User’s Guide 66 Appendix B Figure 50 Windows XP : Wireless (netwo rk) properties: Association The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 25 Windows XP: Wireless (netwo rk) properties: Associa tion LABEL DESCRIPTION Network name (SSID) This field displays the SSID (Service Set IDentifier) of each wireless network.
M-302 User’s Guide Appendix B 67 Authentication Click the Authentication tab in the Wir eless (network) prop erties screen to display the screen shown next. Th e fields on thi s screen ar e grayed out when the network is in Ad-Hoc mode or data encryption is disabled.
M-302 User’s Guide 68 Appendix B Authentication Properties Select an EAP authen tication type in the W ireless (network) properties: Authentication screen and clic k the Properties button to display th e following screen. Protected EAP Properties Figure 52 Windows XP : Protected E AP Properties The following table describes the labels in this screen.
M-302 User’s Guide Appendix B 69 Smart Card or other Certificate Proper t ies Figure 53 Windows XP: Smart Card or other Certificate Properties The following table describes the labels in this screen. Enable Fast Reconnect Select the check bo x to automatically re connect to the network (without re - authentication) if the wir eless conne ction goes down.
M-302 User’s Guide 70 Appendix B Ordering the Preferred Networks Follow the steps below to manage y our preferred networks. 1 W indows XP SP2: Click Change the or der of pr eferr ed networks in the Wir eless Network Connection screen (see Figure 46 on page 63 ).
M-302 User’s Guide Appendix B 71 Figure 55 Windows XP SP1: Wireles s Networks: Pr eferred Net works 2 Whenever the ZyXEL wireless LAN adapter tr ies to connect to a new network, the new network is added in the Pr eferred networks table automatically .
M-302 User’s Guide 72 Appendix B .
M-302 User’s Guide Appendix C 73 A PPENDIX C W ireless Security T ypes of EAP Authentication This section discusses some popular authen tication types: EAP-MD5, EAP-TLS, EAP-TTLS, PEAP and LEAP . Y our wireless LAN device may not support all authentication types.
M-302 User’s Guide 74 Appendix C EAP-TLS (T ransport Layer Security) W ith EAP-TLS, digital certifications are needed by both the server and the wireless stations for mutual authentication. The server presents a certificate to the client. After validating the identity of the server , the client sends a differ ent certificate to the se rver .
M-302 User’s Guide Appendix C 75 For added security , certificate-based authen tications (EAP-TLS, EAP-TTLS and PEAP) use dynamic keys for data encryption. They are ofte n deployed in corporate environments, but for public deployment, a simp le user name and p assword pair is more practical.
M-302 User’s Guide 76 Appendix C The Message Integrity Check (MIC ) is designed to prevent an attacker from capturing data packets, altering them and resending them. The MIC provides a strong mathematical function in which the receiver and the transmitter each compute and then compare the MIC.
M-302 User’s Guide Appendix C 77 Figure 56 WP A-PSK Authentication WP A with RADIUS Ap plication Example Y ou need the IP address of the RADIUS server , its port number (de fau lt is 1812), and the RADIUS shared secret. A WP A application example with an external RADIUS server looks as follows.
M-302 User’s Guide 78 Appendix C Security Parameters Summary Refer to this table to see what other secur ity parameters you should co nfigure for each Authentication Method/ key management prot ocol type. MAC address filters are not dependent on how you config ure these security features.
M-302 User’s Guide Index 79 Index Numerics 802.1x 42 A About 53 access point 31 access point. See also AP . activating a profile 49 Adapter 49 Ad-Hoc 47 Advanced Encryption St andard 33 , 75 advanced settings 49 antenna 19 antenna power output 57 AP 31 AP .
M-302 User’s Guide 80 Index utility 19 L link informa tion 35 M Message Integrity Check (MIC) 33 , 75 MIMO 17 , 19 N network type 36 O Odyssey Client Ma nager 22 open system authent.
M-302 User’s Guide Index 81 V voltage 57 W W arranty Note 7 WEP 32 , 39 manual setup 32 , 40 passphrase 32 , 39 WEP (Wired Equivalent Priva cy) 32 Wi-Fi Protected Access 33 , 75 .
An important point after buying a device ZyXEL Communications M-302 (or even before the purchase) is to read its user manual. We should do this for several simple reasons:
If you have not bought ZyXEL Communications M-302 yet, this is a good time to familiarize yourself with the basic data on the product. First of all view first pages of the manual, you can find above. You should find there the most important technical data ZyXEL Communications M-302 - thus you can check whether the hardware meets your expectations. When delving into next pages of the user manual, ZyXEL Communications M-302 you will learn all the available features of the product, as well as information on its operation. The information that you get ZyXEL Communications M-302 will certainly help you make a decision on the purchase.
If you already are a holder of ZyXEL Communications M-302, but have not read the manual yet, you should do it for the reasons described above. You will learn then if you properly used the available features, and whether you have not made any mistakes, which can shorten the lifetime ZyXEL Communications M-302.
However, one of the most important roles played by the user manual is to help in solving problems with ZyXEL Communications M-302. Almost always you will find there Troubleshooting, which are the most frequently occurring failures and malfunctions of the device ZyXEL Communications M-302 along with tips on how to solve them. Even if you fail to solve the problem, the manual will show you a further procedure – contact to the customer service center or the nearest service center